Reference and Learning Material

A Brief Biography on Carl Gustav Jung

Carl Gustav Jung was born in Kesswil, Switzerland on July 26, 1875. He obtained his medical degree from the University of Basel and did his psychiatric training at the Burgholzli Mental Hospital in Zurich. In 1906 he began an association with Sigmund Freud which lasted until 1914.

C.G. Jung's view of the human condition appreciates the unique value of the individual human being. His vision of the human psyche is so vast that we have as yet grasped only some of its implications. Jung's work counterbalanced the one-sided intellectual development of the last centuries of Western civilization. His insight into the spiritual dimension of the psyche has profoundly influenced not only psychotherapy and psychiatry, but also education and the appreciation of religion and the arts.

New attitudes and realizations of great importance to the individual and society have arisen from his rigorous and pioneering investigations into the nature of the unconscious. Jung found that the basis of much emotional unease and trouble lay in a damaged relatedness or unrelatedness to the sources of being. In making possible a more conscious relationship with the forces of the unconscious, Jung has immensely widened and deepened the potential scope of human awareness. He showed that modern men and women can accept the reality of the psyche without sacrificing intellectual integrity.

On June 6, 1961, Dr. Jung died at his home in Kusnacht.

Other Material on Jung

 -  Extensive information on Jung at Wikipedia

 - A comprehensive article on the release of
the Red Book from the New York Times.

 - "Fundamentals of Jung's Psychology" by Rose Holt
A  PowerPoint presentation created by Rose Holt on the Fundamentals of Jung's Psychology.  This was originally shown for the C.G. Jung Society of Saint Louis on Sept. 19th, 2008 at “An Evening with Carl Jung”.  NOTE: Be patient while viewing this online document as some images may take time to load.

 - "The Alchemical Vessel"
by Rose Holt and Deborah Stutsman
This was originally shown for the C.G. Jung Society of Saint Louis on March. 27th, 2009 at
“The Alchemical Vessel:  Tending the Seven Stages of Psychic Growth”.

 -  John Freeman’s Interview with Carl Jung,
From the BBC program Face to Face.  
Links to this video on YouTube: Part 1 / Part 2 / Part 3 / Part 4
Thanks to Pam Behnen for finding this! 

 - An interesting article By Erica Goode
On how Jung's ideas have grown in popularity in the recent past.

 -  Healing Through the Numinous
An article by Rose Holt


The Heartland Association of Jungian Analysts (HAJA)
Offering depth studies in the psychology of C.G. Jung
Brochure - Application

Jungian Psychotherapy and Studies Program
available at the Chicago Institute

Analyst Training Program and Jungian Study Groups
available at the C.G. Jung Institute of Colorado

Memphis Inter-Regional Analyst Training Program




Jung Societies:

Northeastern US:

Washington Society for Jungian Psychology 
C G Jung Foundation in New York City
Pittsburgh Jung Society
NY Association for Analytical Psychology
Analytical Society for Western NY
Philadelphia Association of Jungian Analysts
Connecticut Association of Jungian Psychology
Maine Jung Center

Southeastern US:

C. G. Jung Society of Atlanta
C. G. Jung Society of the Triangle Area
Charlotte Friends of Jung
Asheville Jung Center
Friends of Jung South
C. G. Jung Society of Sarasota
Center for Jungian Studies of South Florida
C. G. Jung Society of New Orleans
Richmond Society for Jungian Psychology

Midwestern US:

Houston Jung Center
C. G. Jung Center of North Texas
San Antonio Jung Center
Society for the Friends of Jung in Waco
Jung Society of Austin
Kansas City Friends of Jung
C. G. Jung Center of Evanston
Central Indiana Friends of Jung
C. G. Jung Society of St. Louis
Greater Cincinnati Friends of Jung
Jung Cleveland
Jung Association of Central Ohio
Minnesota Jung Association
Michigan Friends of Jung
Omaha Friends of Jung

Western US:

Jung Society of Utah
Boulder Friends of Jung
C.G. Jung Society of Colorado
C.G. Jung Society of Colorado Springs
New Mexico Society of Jungian Analysts
Montana Friends of Jung
C. G. Jung Study Center of Southern California 
Oregon Friends of Jung
C. G. Jung Society of Seattle
Pacific Northwest Society of Jungian Analysts
Eugene Friends of Jung
The C.G. Jung Society of Northern Alaska


C.G. Jung Institute - Zurich

C.G. Jung Institute of Chicago

C.G. Jung Institute of San Francisco

C.G. Jung Institute of Los Angeles

Other Training:

Memphis Inter-Regional Training Program


Other Various:

The Rose in the World is a publication dedicated to illuminating and bringing the Wisdom of the unconscious, the spirit, psyche, and soul into everyday life.

The C.G. Jung Page

Jungian Society for Scholarly Studies (JSSS)

The Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism

Inner City Books

Personality and Consciousness Bookstore: C. G. Jung

National Association of Chaplains

Centerpoint: A St. Louis-Based Center for Learning

Myths - Dreams - Symbols

Healing Through the Numinous

An article by Rose Holt

I have long been interested in C. G. Jung’s work, especially as it relates to healing the personality, my own and that of others. We live in a culture in which “personality” is often equated with ego and the ego equated with personhood. Jung amply demonstrated that there is potentially a good deal more to the personality than simply one’s ego and one’s ego self-image.

For someone identified with the ego, that is, someone who believes he/she is the sum total of the ego’s understanding, alienation is a necessary condition. You might ask, alienation from what? Jung’s answer is alienation from the collective heritage of humankind, from the healing balm of unconscious processes and contents that seek to enliven and enrich the ego but cannot find a welcoming window in the ego structure.

The first step for the person isolated in the ego shell is to posit the existence of the unconscious and its healing factors. [The enormous success of the Alcoholics Anonymous movement rests on this supposition. Interestingly enough, Jung’s work was instrumental in the origins of AA.]

The usual condition of the alienated ego is suffering, the natural consequence of the individual encountering a situation for which the coping mechanisms of the ego are inadequate. Such a situation brings enormous dissonance and disillusionment with it—anguish, disorientation, suffering, and depression--sometimes accompanied by physical illness. Common expressions for this experience are “midlife crisis” and “nervous breakdown.” There are myriad symptoms that accompany this condition. Common treatments are prescription drugs, alcohol, busyness, exercise, shopping, etc; all serving the purpose of distraction, repression, and reduced suffering.

If the individual has a religious orientation with beliefs, dogma, and images sufficient to connect the ego with the deeper strata of human existence, that is, with the healing balm of unconscious processes, all will eventually go well. Through scriptural stories, ritual, sacramental acts, and community, he/she will receive the blessings humankind has long relied upon religion to facilitate and will weather the crisis. The individual is graced. Blessings and grace are old-fashioned words that fit well a certain psychological state that is experienced as the end of alienation.

However, if the individual has a remote connection with religion or none at all, the window to the healing effects of the unconscious is not only closed, it cannot even be imagined. Blessings and grace are foreign concepts. For these people Jung’s approach to psychology can be life saving.

Jung discovered that there are very important “nuclear processes” in the unconscious—actual images of the goal (the goal being the union of the ego with these unconscious processes), which can appear in dreams or fantasies. These images appear when there is a certain condition of ego need, a sort of hunger. Of course, the ego seeks familiar and favorite dishes, unable to imagine some outlandish food unknown to it. What the individual experiences is a longing but a longing for which there is no object. Nothing satisfies. An old Peggy Lee song, “Is That All There Is?” well describes this experience

Jung writes about this occurrence: “The goal which beckons to this psychic need, the image which promises to heal, to make whole, is at first strange beyond all measure to the conscious mind, so that it can find entry only with the very greatest difficulty.” Entry and servings of “outlandish food,” come through the numinous. The ego is confronted with numinous experience that is awe-inspiring and naturally demanding of attention.

Addressing the key role of religion to provide healing, Jung goes on:
“Of course it is quite different for people who live in a time and environment when such images of the goal have dogmatic validity. These images are then eo ipso held up to consciousness, and the unconscious is thus shown its own secret reflection, in which it recognizes itself and so joins forces with the conscious (ego) mind.”

Jung is speaking here of the symbol systems, imagery, mythology, etc., that are effective as bridges between the ego and the unconscious. That is why the Catholic Mass, Ignatian Spiritual Exercises, sacred rituals of world religions, Hasidic story, parables, astrology, etc., work so effectively for so many people. These methodologies allow the unconscious, in “its own secret reflection” to be recognized by the individual ego so that the two can be joined in a unity. Jung called that unity “individuation.”

In the numinous experience, the ego encounters a reality incomprehensible to it, a power far greater than itself. The relativising effect on the ego can also release the individual from impossible responsibilities and overwhelming feelings of inadequacy. [Humankind throughout history has always left certain life tasks to the gods. Where there are no gods, the individual feels compelled to fill the role.]

Jungian Psychology, then, is uniquely suited for those people who cannot find a comfortable home in any religious tradition. People who study Jung’s ideas, who gather to hear presentations on various facets of his work, or who enter deeply into Jungian psychoanalysis have discovered the psychological path to healing of the personality. The meandering path of individuation, the cooperative dance of ego individuality and unconscious processes, is enormously enriching. In this dance the healing effects so many of us seek today are revealed and actualized.

Rose F. Holt
June 13, 2013

This article is being published in The Pathfinder newspaper’s September-October, 2013 issue,

The C.G. Jung Society of Saint Louis, a not-for-profit organization,
serves to deepen understanding of the work of Carl Jung
and Analytical Psychology in the wider St. Louis community.
It is supported by subscribing Friends and by contributions.